Planning for security begins with understanding the objectives of security. Security objectives can be grouped into four general categories: compliance, safety, productivity, and reputation. Each objective has a specific set of requirements that must be met in order to achieve the desired outcome.
Identifying security risks
The four objectives of security planning are:
1. Identify security risks.
2. Assess the likelihood of a security risk occurring.
3. Estimate the impact of a security risk occurring.
4. Take steps to prevent the risk from occurring.
Minimizing security risks
- Preventing security breaches and data theft
- Protecting your company’s assets and confidential information
- mitigating the effects of a security incident
- Ensuring the continuity of business operations during a security incident
Determining the best security measures
The primary objectives of security planning are to ensure that your business can operate effectively, to protect your people and assets, to deter and prevent crime, and to comply with regulatory requirements.
Effective security measures involve a mix of physical and electronic security measures, as well as operational and procedural safeguards. Physical security measures include protecting your premises with fences, CCTV, and secure entrances. Electronic security measures include installing anti-virus software, firewalls, and secure passwords. Operational security measures include proper training and procedures for employees, tracking and monitoring the movement of equipment and personnel, and close monitoring of communication and data systems. Procedural safeguards include designating a corporate security officer, having an emergency response plan, and having a disaster recovery plan.
The best security measures depend on the nature of your business and the threats that it faces. Some businesses are more vulnerable to attack than others, and need to take measures to protect their people and assets from harm. Other businesses face less direct threats but must still take measures to protect their data and communications. It is important to consult with a security specialist to determine the best security measures for your business.
Implementing security measures
Security planning should aim to protect resources, identify vulnerabilities and risks, and plan responses to incidents. This includes activities such as risk assessment, information security management, and business continuity planning. Security measures may include physical, procedural, and technical measures.
Assuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information
Information security must protect against unauthorized access, use, disclosure, interception, alteration, or destruction of data. This includes measures to protect against unauthorized individuals and unauthorized attempts to gain access to data.
Preventing and responding to incidents
Security incidents can occur for many reasons, including unauthorized access, use, or disclosure of information. Security incidents can also involve attacks on systems and networks, as well as unauthorized actions taken by users. Security incidents can also result from natural disasters, terrorist incidents, or other unexpected events.
Planning for security should account for the possibility of an incident and ensure that the institution has the resources and capabilities to respond rapidly and effectively.
Monitoring security risks
Prevention of crime
Detection of crime
Investigation of crimes
The four objectives of planning for security are to prevent, detect, respond, and recover. Prevention includes establishing policies and procedures that will help protect your organization from threats. Detection includes using technology to identify and track threats. Response includes deploying security measures to defend your organization against attacks. Recovery includes restoring operations after an attack has been successful.