Which Of The Following Is A Key Reason Why International Collaborations Can Be Challenging?

International collaborations can be challenging for a variety of reasons. Often, parties involved in collaborative projects have different expectations or assumptions about how the project should proceed. Additionally, different cultures can create communication challenges, and different legal systems can create obstacles to progress. To make the most of international collaborations, it is important to understand the key reasons why they can be difficult.

Experts in Engineering: How to Increase International Collaborations


Different Work Cultures

Different work cultures can be challenging because they can clash with the way we think or work. For example, in some cultures it is considered disrespectful to interrupt someone while they are speaking, whereas in others it is considered a norm. This can lead to disagreements between team members, as one person’s way of working clashes with the way the rest of the team operates.

Language Barriers

International collaborations can be challenging for a variety of reasons, but one of the most common is that different people speak different languages. This can create communication challenges, as different people may not be able to understand each other. Additionally, different cultures may create different expectations, which can also be a challenge when it comes to collaborating.

Time Zone Differences

The main reason why international collaborations can be challenging is due to the different time zones that often divide team members across different parts of the world. It can be difficult for team members to stay in communication with one another when they are in different time zones, and this can lead to misunderstandings or delays in project outputs.

Lack of Personal Connections

Differing cultural values

Inability to agree on a common vision or mission

Lack of shared understanding of the project or problem

Lack of trust or mutual respect

Differing Priorities and Goals

International collaborations can be challenging because different parties have different priorities and goals. For example, one party may be more interested in developing the collaboration, while another party may be more interested in using the collaboration to achieve their own goals. Additionally, parties may have different worldviews, which can make cooperation difficult.

Limited Resources

Limited time, limited effort, lack of common language, lack of common understanding, etc.


International collaborations can be challenging for a variety of reasons. Some of these reasons include the cultural differences between the collaborators, the lack of trust between the collaborators, and the lack of communication between the collaborators.